Cancer and Environment

Research on cancer and the environment investigates the relationship between environmental factors and the development of various types of cancer. The findings suggest that exposure to certain environmental agents, such as chemicals, radiation, and lifestyle factors, can increase the risk of cancer. These factors can act directly by damaging DNA or indirectly by promoting the growth of cancer cells. Here are four references of systematic reviews on cancer and the environment:

  1. International Agency for Research on Cancer. Agents Classified by the IARC Monographs, Volumes 1-133. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Accessed September 2021. Available from:
  2. Cogliano VJ, Baan R, Straif K, et al. Preventable exposures associated with human cancers. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 2011;103(24):1827-1839. doi:10.1093/jnci/djr483.
  3. Khuder SA, Schaub EA, Tano BD. Meta-analyses of the association between lung cancer and residential radon exposure. Epidemiology. 2000;11(1): 3-8. doi:10.1097/00001648-200001000-00002.
  4. Vineis P, Wild CP. Global cancer patterns: Causes and prevention. The Lancet. 2014;383(9916): 549-557. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62224-2.

Please note that the first reference provides access to the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) monographs, which classify various agents according to their carcinogenicity. The remaining references are systematic reviews that summarize the research on preventable exposures associated with human cancers, the association between lung cancer and residential radon exposure, and global cancer patterns, causes, and prevention. However, more research is needed on the relationship between cancer and environmental factors, its impact on public health, and the measures that can be taken to prevent and reduce the risk of these cancers.